"There are many reasons why the United States finds itself playing second fiddle to Japan today in so many high-technology areas where
American pre-eminence was once unquestioned. Some of the reasons are complex, but one can be put in a statistical nutshell:
Out of every 10,000 Americans, 20 are lawyers, 40 are accountants, and 70 are engineers. Out of every 10,000
Japanese, one is a lawyer, three are accountants -- and 400 are engineers."
July's Optical Spectrum